American Association for Cancer Research
15417786mcr170606-sup-190998_2_supp_4631470_p5nh6d.pptx (92.65 kB)

Supplementary Figure S4 from Runx2 Suppression by miR-342 and miR-363 Inhibits Multiple Myeloma Progression

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posted on 2023-04-03, 16:44 authored by Pramod S. Gowda, Benjamin J. Wildman, Timothy N. Trotter, Xiaoxuan Xu, Xiaoxiao Hao, Mohammad Q. Hassan, Yang Yang

Runx2 knockdown by shRNA and miRNAs in 5TGM1 cells suppress PD-L1 mRNA levels.





In multiple myeloma, abnormal plasma cells accumulate and proliferate in the bone marrow. Recently, we observed that Runx2, a bone-specific transcription factor, is highly expressed in multiple myeloma cells and is a major driver of multiple myeloma progression in bone. The primary goal of the present study was to identify Runx2-targeting miRNAs that can reduce tumor growth. Expression analysis of a panel of miRNAs in multiple myeloma patient specimens, compared with healthy control specimens, revealed that metastatic multiple myeloma cells express low levels of miR-342 and miR-363 but high levels of Runx2. Reconstituting multiple myeloma cells (CAG) with miR-342 and miR-363 reduced the abundance of Runx2 and the expression of metastasis-promoting Runx2 target genes RANKL and DKK1, and suppressed Runx2 downstream signaling pathways Akt/β-catenin/survivin, which are required for multiple myeloma tumor progression. Intravenous injection of multiple myeloma cells (5TGM1), stably overexpressing miR-342 and miR-363 alone or together, into syngeneic C57Bl/KaLwRij mice resulted in a significant suppression of 5TGM1 cell growth, decreased osteoclasts and increased osteoblasts, and increased antitumor immunity in the bone marrow, compared with mice injected with 5TGM1 cells expressing a miR-Scramble control. In summary, these results demonstrate that enhanced expression of miR-342 and miR-363 in multiple myeloma cells inhibits Runx2 expression and multiple myeloma growth, decreases osteolysis, and enhances antitumor immunity. Thus, restoring the function of Runx2-targeting by miR-342 and miR-363 in multiple myeloma cells may afford a therapeutic benefit by preventing multiple myeloma progression.Implications: miR-342 and miR-363–mediated downregulation of Runx2 expression in multiple myeloma cells prevents multiple myeloma progression. Mol Cancer Res; 16(7); 1138–48. ©2018 AACR.

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