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00085472can161991-sup-169409_1_supp_3686285_jjjj2m.pptx (6.21 MB)

Supplementary Figure S4 from PTEN Signaling in the Postnatal Perivascular Progenitor Niche Drives Medulloblastoma Formation

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posted on 2023-03-31, 00:25 authored by Guo Zhu, Sherri L. Rankin, Jon D. Larson, Xiaoyan Zhu, Lionel M.L. Chow, Chunxu Qu, Jinghui Zhang, David W. Ellison, Suzanne J. Baker

Early perivascular medulloblastoma tumor cells are Pten null

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NIH

St. Jude Cancer Center

ALSAC of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Loss of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN exerts diverse outcomes on cancer in different developmental contexts. To gain insight into the effect of its loss on outcomes in the brain, we conditionally inactivated the murine Pten gene in neonatal neural stem/progenitor cells. Pten inactivation created an abnormal perivascular proliferative niche in the cerebellum that persisted in adult animals but did not progress to malignancy. Proliferating cells showed undifferentiated morphology and expressed the progenitor marker Nestin but not Math1, a marker of committed granule neuron progenitors. Codeletion of Pten and Trp53 resulted in fully penetrant medulloblastoma originating from the perivascular niche, which exhibited abnormal blood vessel networks and advanced neuronal differentiation of tumor cells. EdU pulse-chase experiments demonstrated a perivascular cancer stem cell population in Pten/Trp53 double mutant medulloblastomas. Genetic analyses revealed recurrent somatic inactivations of the tumor suppressor gene Ptch1 and a recapitulation of the sonic hedgehog subgroup of human medulloblastomas. Overall, our results showed that PTEN acts to prevent the proliferation of a progenitor niche in postnatal cerebellum predisposed to oncogenic induction of medulloblastoma. Cancer Res; 77(1); 123–33. ©2016 AACR.

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