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Supplementary Figure S3 from Safety and clinical response to combined immunotherapy with autologous iNKT cells and PD-1+CD8+ T cells in patients failing first-line chemotherapy in stage IV pancreatic cancer

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posted on 2023-05-23, 13:40 authored by Jing Wang, Xiaobo Cheng, Yanling Jin, Bili Xia, Ran Qin, Wei Zhang, Huiliang Hu, Xiaoting Mao, Liting Zhou, Jia Yan, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jianqing Xu

Gating strategy to detect CD4+ T, CD8+ T, B and NK cells by flow cytometry. Only living cells were included in the analysis (A). Changing in percentages of CD4+ T, CD8+ T, B, and NK cells during treatment are shown in panels B, C, D and E respectively.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose:A phase I clinical trial was conducted to assess the safety and feasibility of iNKT cells combined with PD-1+CD8+ T cells in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer and failing the first-line chemotherapy. Patients and Methods:Fifteen eligible patients were enrolled, of whom nine received at least three cycles of treatment each. In total, 59 courses were administered. Results:Fever was the most common adverse event, peaking at about 2-4 h after cell infusion and reverting within 24 h without treatment in all patients. Influenza-like reactions such as headache, myalgia, and arthralgia were also observed in 4, 4, and 3 of the patients, respectively. Additionally, vomiting and dizziness were prevalent, while abdominal pain, chest pain, rash, and stuffy nose were rare adverse events, each reported in one patient. Side effects above grade 2 were not observed. Two patients achieved partial regression, while one patient experienced disease progression assessed four weeks after the 3rd course. Three patients are still alive at the time of writing and have progression-free survival longer than 12 months. The overall survival time has been extended to over 12 months in six of the nine patients. No constant changes of CD4+T, B, and NK cells were recorded except for elevated CD8+T cells after the 1st course. Conclusions:The combination of autologous iNKT cells and PD-1+CD8+ T cells was a safe therapeutic strategy against advanced pancreatic cancer. The patients exhibited a potentially promising prolonged survival time. Further study appears warranted to evaluate the efficacy of these combined cell infusions in pancreatic cancer.