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Supplementary Figure S1 from In Vivo Quantification of Hypoxic and Metabolic Status of NSCLC Tumors Using [18F]HX4 and [18F]FDG-PET/CT Imaging

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posted on 2023-03-31, 18:29 authored by Catharina M.L. Zegers, Wouter van Elmpt, Bart Reymen, Aniek J.G. Even, Esther G.C. Troost, Michel C. Öllers, Frank J.P. Hoebers, Ruud M.A. Houben, Jonas Eriksson, Albert D. Windhorst, Felix M. Mottaghy, Dirk De Ruysscher, Philippe Lambin

Supplementary Figure S1: Example of the FDG and HX4 parameters (FDG-SUVmean, HX4-SUVmean and HX4-TBR) sub-classified by tumor pathology. Adenocarcinoma (AC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), large cell carcinoma (LCC).

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Purpose: Increased tumor metabolism and hypoxia are related to poor prognosis in solid tumors, including non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PET imaging is a noninvasive technique that is frequently used to visualize and quantify tumor metabolism and hypoxia. The aim of this study was to perform an extensive comparison of tumor metabolism using 2[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG)-PET and hypoxia using HX4-PET imaging.Experimental Design: FDG- and HX4-PET/CT images of 25 patients with NSCLC were coregistered. At a global tumor level, HX4 and FDG parameters were extracted from the gross tumor volume (GTV). The HX4 high-fraction (HX4-HF) and HX4 high-volume (HX4-HV) were defined using a tumor-to-blood ratio > 1.4. For FDG high-fraction (FDG-HF) and FDG high-volume (FDG-HV), a standardized uptake value (SUV) > 50% of SUVmax was used. We evaluated the spatial correlation between HX4 and FDG uptake within the tumor, to quantify the (mis)match between volumes with a high FDG and high HX4 uptake.Results: At a tumor level, significant correlations were observed between FDG and HX4 parameters. For the primary GTV, the HX4-HF was three times smaller compared with the FDG-HF. In 53% of the primary lesions, less than 1 cm3 of the HX4-HV was outside the FDG–HV; for 37%, this volume was 1.9 to 12 cm3. Remarkably, a distinct uptake pattern was observed in 11%, with large hypoxic volumes localized outside the FDG-HV.Conclusion: Hypoxic tumor volumes are smaller than metabolic active volumes. Approximately half of the lesions showed a good spatial correlation between the PET tracers. In the other cases, a (partial) mismatch was observed. The addition of HX4-PET imaging has the potential to individualize patient treatment. Clin Cancer Res; 20(24); 6389–97. ©2014 AACR.

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