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Supplementary Figure 4 from CCL26 Participates in the PRL-3–Induced Promotion of Colorectal Cancer Invasion by Stimulating Tumor-Associated Macrophage Infiltration

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posted on 2023-04-03, 15:02 authored by Qiusheng Lan, Wei Lai, Yujie Zeng, Lu Liu, Shoufeng Li, Shaowen Jin, Yang Zhang, Xingxi Luo, Heyang Xu, Xiangan Lin, Zhonghua Chu

Tumor volume and weight of CRC cells xenografts

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Both phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) influence cancer progression. Whether PRL-3 plays a critical role in colorectal cancer invasion and metastasis by inducing TAM infiltration remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated the effects of chemokine ligand 26 (CCL26) on TAM infiltration and colorectal cancer invasion and the underlying mechanism in colorectal cancer cells by overexpressing or silencing PRL-3. We found that PRL-3 upregulated CCL26 expression correlatively and participated in cell migration, according to the results of gene ontology analysis. In addition, IHC analysis results indicated that the PRL-3 and CCL26 levels were positively correlated and elevated in stage III and IV colorectal cancer tissues and were associated with a worse prognosis in colorectal cancer patients. Furthermore, we demonstrated that CCL26 induced TAM infiltration by CCL26 binding to the CCR3 receptor. When LoVo-P and HT29-C cells were cocultured with TAMs, CCL26 binding to the CCR3 receptor enhanced the invasiveness of LoVo-P and HT29-C cells by mobilizing intracellular Ca2+of TAMs to increase the expression of IL6 and IL8. In addition, IHC results indicated that protein levels of CCR3 and TAMs counts were higher in stage III and IV colorectal cancer tissues and correlated with CCL26. Moreover, similar results were observed in vivo using mice injected with LoVo-P and HT29-C cells. These data indicate that PRL-3 may represent a potential prognostic marker that promotes colorectal cancer invasion and metastasis by upregulating CCL26 to induce TAM infiltration. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(1); 276–89. ©2017 AACR.