Supplementary Figure 2. Microphotographs from cryo sections showing representative images of A) Spleen, B) Liver and C) Brain (one slide representing data from one female and one male mice) from hCD40+ mice stained with an anti-human CD40 antibody or anti mouse CD40 antibody.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Local administration of immune-activating antibodies may increase the efficacy and reduce the immune-related adverse events associated with systemic immunotherapy of cancer. Here, we report the development and affinity maturation of a fully human agonistic CD40 antibody (IgG1), ADC-1013.Experimental Design: We have used molecular engineering to generate an agonistic antibody with high affinity for CD40. The functional activity of ADC-1013 was investigated in human and murine in vitro models. The in vivo effect was investigated in two separate bladder cancer models, both using human xenograft tumors in immune deficient NSG mice and using a syngeneic bladder cancer model in a novel human CD40 transgenic mouse.Results: Activation of dendritic cells (DC) by ADC-1013 results in upregulation of the costimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86, and secretion of IL12. ADC-1013 also activates DCs from human CD40 transgenic mice, and peptide-pulsed and ADC-1013–stimulated DCs induce antigen-specific T-cell proliferation in vitro. In vivo, treatment with ADC-1013 in a syngeneic bladder cancer model, negative for hCD40, induces significant antitumor effects and long-term tumor-specific immunity. Furthermore, ADC-1013 demonstrates significant antitumor effects in a human bladder cancer transplanted into immunodeficient NSG mice.Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that ADC-1013 induces long-lasting antitumor responses and immunologic memory mediated by CD40 stimulation. To the best of our knowledge, ADC-1013 represents the first immunomodulatory antibody developed for local immunotherapy of cancer. Clin Cancer Res; 21(5); 1115–26. ©2014 AACR.See related commentary by Dronca and Dong, p. 944