Supplementary Figure 26. Proportion of (A) tumor, (B) non-tumor, and (C) total PD-L1+ cells according to ATM/TP53 co-mutation status.
Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO
Barbara Wilson Gomez Endowed Fellowship in Thoracic Oncology
Elva J. and Clayton L. McLaughin Fund for Lung Cancer Research
International Lung Cancer Foundation - IASLC
ARTICLE ABSTRACTATM is the most commonly mutated DNA damage and repair gene in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, limited characterization has been pursued.
Clinicopathologic, genomic, and treatment data were collected for 5,172 patients with NSCLC tumors which underwent genomic profiling. ATM IHC was performed on 182 NSCLCs with ATM mutations. Multiplexed immunofluorescence was performed on a subset of 535 samples to examine tumor-infiltrating immune cell subsets.
A total of 562 deleterious ATM mutations were identified in 9.7% of NSCLC samples. ATM-mutant (ATMMUT) NSCLC was significantly associated with female sex (P = 0.02), ever smoking status (P < 0.001), non-squamous histology (P = 0.004), and higher tumor mutational burden (DFCI, P < 0.0001; MSK, P < 0.0001) compared with ATM–wild-type (ATMWT) cases. Among 3,687 NSCLCs with comprehensive genomic profiling, co-occurring KRAS, STK11, and ARID2 oncogenic mutations were significantly enriched among ATMMUT NSCLCs (Q < 0.05), while TP53 and EGFR mutations were enriched in ATMWT NSCLCs. Among 182 ATMMUT samples with ATM IHC, tumors with nonsense, insertions/deletions, or splice site mutations were significantly more likely to display ATM loss by IHC (71.4% vs. 28.6%; P < 0.0001) compared with tumors with only predicted pathogenic missense mutations. Clinical outcomes to PD-(L)1 monotherapy (N = 1,522) and chemo-immunotherapy (N = 951) were similar between ATMMUT and ATMWT NSCLCs. Patients with concurrent ATM/TP53 mutations had significantly improved response rate and progression-free survival with PD-(L)1 monotherapy.
Deleterious ATM mutations defined a subset of NSCLC with unique clinicopathologic, genomic, and immunophenotypic features. Our data may serve as resource to guide interpretation of specific ATM mutations in NSCLC.