American Association for Cancer Research
00085472can142061-sup-134692_1_supp_2819011_n433hc.pptx (230.77 kB)

Supplementary Figure 1 from MyD88-Dependent Signaling Decreases the Antitumor Efficacy of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibition in Head and Neck Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-03-30, 23:22 authored by Adam T. Koch, Laurie Love-Homan, Madelyn Espinosa-Cotton, Aditya Stanam, Andrean L. Simons

Knockdown of TRIF does not reduce erlotinib-induced IL-6.



EGFR is upregulated in the majority of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). However, many patients with HNSCC respond poorly to the EGFR inhibitors (EGFRI) cetuximab and erlotinib, despite tumor expression of EGFR. Gene expression analysis of erlotinib-treated HNSCC cells revealed an upregulation of genes involved in MyD88-dependent signaling compared with their respective vehicle-treated cell lines. We therefore investigated whether MyD88-dependent signaling may reduce the antitumor efficacy of EGFRIs in HNSCC. Erlotinib significantly upregulated IL6 secretion in HNSCC cell lines, which our laboratory previously reported to result in reduced drug efficacy. Suppression of MyD88 expression blocked erlotinib-induced IL6 secretion in vitro and increased the antitumor activity of erlotinib in vivo. There was little evidence of Toll-like receptor or IL18 receptor involvement in erlotinib-induced IL6 secretion. However, suppression of IL1R signaling significantly reduced erlotinib-induced IL6 production. A time-dependent increase of IL1α but not IL1β was observed in response to erlotinib treatment, and IL1α blockade significantly increased the antitumor activity of erlotinib and cetuximab in vivo. A pan-caspase inhibitor reduced erlotinib-induced IL1α secretion, suggesting that IL1α was released because of cell death. Human HNSCC tumors showed higher IL1α mRNA levels compared with matched normal tissue, and IL1α was found to be negatively correlated with survival in patients with HNSCC. Overall, the IL1α/IL1R/MYD88/IL6 pathway may be responsible for the reduced antitumor efficacy of erlotinib and other EGFRIs, and blockade of IL1 signaling may improve the efficacy of EGFRIs in the treatment of HNSCC. Cancer Res; 75(8); 1657–67. ©2015 AACR.