American Association for Cancer Research
15417786mcr160236-sup-169107_1_supp_3655370_xd2xtl.pptx (68.96 kB)

Supplementary Figure 1 from Interplay between Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Androgen Receptor Splice Variants Mediates Castration Resistance

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posted on 2023-04-03, 17:48 authored by Yang Zhan, Guanyi Zhang, Xiaojie Wang, Yanfeng Qi, Shanshan Bai, Dongying Li, Tianfang Ma, Oliver Sartor, Erik K. Flemington, Haitao Zhang, Peng Lee, Yan Dong

S1. Schematic representation of the structure of AR-FL and AR-V transcripts and proteins.





Cancer Research Consortium Fund

National Natural Science Foundation of China



Androgen receptor splice variants (AR-V) are implicated in resistance of prostate cancer to androgen-directed therapies. When expressed alone in cells, some AR-Vs (e.g., AR-V7) localize primarily to the nucleus, whereas others (e.g., AR-V1, AR-V4, and AR-V6) localize mainly to the cytoplasm. Significantly, the latter are often coexpressed with the nucleus-predominant AR-Vs and the full-length AR (AR-FL). An important question to be addressed is whether the cytoplasmic-localized AR-Vs play a role in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) through interaction with the nucleus-predominant AR-Vs and AR-FL. Here, it is demonstrated that AR-V1, -V4, and -V6 can dimerize with both AR-V7 and AR-FL. Consequently, AR-V7 and androgen-bound AR-FL induced nuclear localization of AR-V1, -V4, and -V6, and these variants, in turn, mitigated the ability of the antiandrogen enzalutamide to inhibit androgen-induced AR-FL nuclear localization. Interestingly, the impact of nuclear localization of AR-V4 and -V6 on AR transactivation differs from that of AR-V1. Nuclear localization leads to an increased ability of AR-V4 and -V6 to transactivate both canonical AR targets and AR-V–specific targets and to confer castration-resistant cell growth. However, although AR-V1, which lacks inherent transcriptional activity, appears to activate AR-FL in an androgen-independent manner, it significantly antagonizes AR-V7 transactivation. Together, these data demonstrate that the complex interactions among different AR-Vs and AR-FL play a significant role in castration-resistant disease.Implications: This study suggests important consequences for clinical castration resistance due to simultaneous expression of AR-FL and AR-Vs in patient tumors and suggests that dissecting these interactions should help develop effective strategies to disrupt AR-V signaling. Mol Cancer Res; 15(1); 59–68. ©2016 AACR.

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