American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr140348-sup-125756_1_supp_2466046_n5bb9c.ppt (162.5 kB)

Supplemental Figure S1 from A let-7 microRNA-Binding Site Polymorphism in KRAS Predicts Improved Outcome in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Treated with Salvage Cetuximab/Panitumumab Monotherapy

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posted on 2023-03-31, 18:07 authored by Zenia Saridaki, Joanne B. Weidhaas, Heinz-Josef Lenz, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Bart Jacobs, Jef De Schutter, Wendy De Roock, David W. Salzman, Wu Zhang, Dongyun Yang, Camilla Pilati, Olivier Bouché, Hubert Piessevaux, Sabine Tejpar

(A) Median progression free survival and (B) median overall survival, according to the KRAS 3'-UTR LCS6 SNP genotype status in patients treated with anti-EGFR moAbs monotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy as salvage treatment.



Purpose: An inherited mutation in KRAS (LCS6-variant or rs61764370) results in altered control of the KRAS oncogene. We studied this biomarker's correlation to anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy response in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.Experimental Design: LCS6-variant and KRAS/BRAF mutational status was determined in 512 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with salvage anti-EGFR mAb therapy, and findings correlated with outcome. Reporters were tested in colon cancer cell lines to evaluate the differential response of the LCS6-variant allele to therapy exposure.Results: In this study, 21.2% (109 of 512) of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer had the LCS6-variant (TG/GG), which was found twice as frequently in the BRAF-mutated versus the wild-type (WT) group (P = 0.03). LCS6-variant patients had significantly longer progression- free survival (PFS) with anti-EGFR mAb monotherapy treatment in the whole cohort (16.85 vs. 7.85 weeks; P = 0.019) and in the double WT (KRAS and BRAF) patient population (18 vs. 10.4 weeks; P = 0.039). Combination therapy (mAbs plus chemotherapy) led to improved PFS and overall survival (OS) for nonvariant patients, and brought their outcome to levels comparable with LCS6-variant patients receiving anti-EGFR mAb monotherapy. Combination therapy did not lead to improved PFS or OS for LCS6-variant patients. Cell line studies confirmed a unique response of the LCS6-variant allele to both anti-EGFR mAb monotherapy and chemotherapy.Conclusions: LCS6-variant patients with metastatic colorectal cancer have an excellent response to anti-EGFR mAb monotherapy, without any benefit from the addition of chemotherapy. These findings further confirm the importance of this mutation as a biomarker of anti-EGFR mAb response in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, and warrant further prospective confirmation. Clin Cancer Res; 20(17); 4499–510. ©2014 AACR.

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