American Association for Cancer Research
15357163mct150036-sup-143862_3_supp_2912680_nlq922.pptx (323.33 kB)

Supplemental Figure 4 from CD30 Downregulation, MMAE Resistance, and MDR1 Upregulation Are All Associated with Resistance to Brentuximab Vedotin

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posted on 2023-04-03, 14:01 authored by Robert Chen, Jessie Hou, Edward Newman, Young Kim, Cecile Donohue, Xueli Liu, Sandra H. Thomas, Stephen J. Forman, Susan E. Kane

Supplemental Figure 4. Immunohistochemistry for PgP on HL patient biopsy.



Brentuximab vedotin (BV) is an antibody–drug conjugate that specifically delivers the potent cytotoxic drug monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) to CD30-positive cells. BV is FDA approved for treatment of relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL); however, many patients do not achieve complete remission and develop BV-resistant disease. We selected for BV-resistant Hodgkin lymphoma (L428) and ALCL (Karpas-299) cell lines using either constant (ALCL) or pulsatile (Hodgkin lymphoma) exposure to BV. We confirmed drug resistance by MTS assay and analyzed CD30 expression in resistant cells by flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and Western blotting. We also measured drug exporter expression, MMAE resistance, and intracellular MMAE concentrations in BV-resistant cells. In addition, tissue biopsy samples from 10 Hodgkin lymphoma and 5 ALCL patients who had relapsed or progressed after BV treatment were analyzed by immunohistocytochemistry for CD30 expression. The resistant ALCL cell line, but not the Hodgkin lymphoma cell line, demonstrated downregulated CD30 expression compared with the parental cell line. In contrast, the Hodgkin lymphoma cell line, but not the ALCL cell line, exhibited MMAE resistance and increased expression of the MDR1 drug exporter compared with the parental line. For both Hodgkin lymphoma and ALCL, samples from patients relapsed/resistant on BV persistently expressed CD30 by immunohistocytochemistry. One Hodgkin lymphoma patient sample expressed MDR1 by immunohistocytochemistry. Although loss of CD30 expression is a possible mode of BV resistance in ALCL in vitro models, this has not been confirmed in patients. MMAE resistance and MDR1 expression are possible modes of BV resistance for Hodgkin lymphoma both in vitro and in patients. Mol Cancer Ther; 14(6); 1376–84. ©2015 AACR.

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