American Association for Cancer Research
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Suppl. Fig. 3: Illustration of the applied thresholding. from Combined PET Imaging of the Inflammatory Tumor Microenvironment Identifies Margins of Unique Radiotracer Uptake

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posted on 2023-03-31, 01:23 authored by Bastian Zinnhardt, Hayet Pigeon, Benoit Thézé, Thomas Viel, Lydia Wachsmuth, Inga B. Fricke, Sonja Schelhaas, Lisa Honold, Katrin Schwegmann, Stefan Wagner, Andreas Faust, Cornelius Faber, Michael T. Kuhlmann, Sven Hermann, Michael Schäfers, Alexandra Winkeler, Andreas H. Jacobs

(A) An elliptical VOI (yellow) was drawn in the striatum. (B) Another elliptical VOI (green) was placed over the affected hemisphere. (C) After application of a thresholding based on the control VOI. The same original VOIs (left and middle) were used for all animals for individual thresholding.


International Max-Planck Research School – Molecular Biomedicine



The tumor microenvironment is highly heterogeneous. For gliomas, the tumor-associated inflammatory response is pivotal to support growth and invasion. Factors of glioma growth, inflammation, and invasion, such as the translocator protein (TSPO) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), may serve as specific imaging biomarkers of the glioma microenvironment. In this study, noninvasive imaging by PET with [18F]DPA-714 (TSPO) and [18F]BR-351 (MMP) was used for the assessment of localization and quantification of the expression of TSPO and MMP. Imaging was performed in addition to established clinical imaging biomarker of active tumor volume ([18F]FET) in conjunction with MRI. We hypothesized that each imaging biomarker revealed distinct areas of the heterogeneous glioma tissue in a mouse model of human glioma. Tracers were found to be increased 1.4- to 1.7-fold, with [18F]FET showing the biggest volume as depicted by a thresholding-based, volumes of interest analysis. Tumor areas, which could not be detected by a single tracer and/or MRI parameter alone, were measured. Specific compartments of [18F]DPA-714 (14%) and [18F]BR-351 (11%) volumes along the tumor rim could be identified. [18F]DPA-714 (TSPO) and [18F]BR-351 (MMP) matched with histology. Glioma-associated microglia/macrophages (GAM) were identified as TSPO and MMP sources. Multitracer and multimodal molecular imaging approaches may allow us to gain important insights into glioma-associated inflammation (GAM, MMP). Moreover, this noninvasive technique enables characterization of the glioma microenvironment with respect to the disease-driving cellular compartments at the various disease stages. Cancer Res; 77(8); 1831–41. ©2017 AACR.