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Figure S6 from Intratumoral Plasmid IL12 Expands CD8+ T Cells and Induces a CXCR3 Gene Signature in Triple-negative Breast Tumors that Sensitizes Patients to Anti–PD-1 Therapy

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:14 authored by Melinda L. Telli, Hiroshi Nagata, Irene Wapnir, Chaitanya R. Acharya, Kaitlin Zablotsky, Bernard A. Fox, Carlo B. Bifulco, Shawn M. Jensen, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Mai Hope Le, Robert H. Pierce, Erica Browning, Reneta Hermiz, Lauren Svenson, Donna Bannavong, Kim Jaffe, Jendy Sell, Kellie Malloy Foerter, David A. Canton, Christopher G. Twitty, Takuya Osada, H. Kim Lyerly, Erika J. Crosby

Figure S6

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Susan G Komen

NIH

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease with limited therapeutic options. Antibodies targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/PD-1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) have entered the therapeutic landscape in TNBC, but only a minority of patients benefit. A way to reliably enhance immunogenicity, T-cell infiltration, and predict responsiveness is critically needed. Using mouse models of TNBC, we evaluate immune activation and tumor targeting of intratumoral IL12 plasmid followed by electroporation (tavokinogene telseplasmid; Tavo). We further present a single-arm, prospective clinical trial of Tavo monotherapy in patients with treatment refractory, advanced TNBC (OMS-I140). Finally, we expand these findings using publicly available breast cancer and melanoma datasets. Single-cell RNA sequencing of murine tumors identified a CXCR3 gene signature (CXCR3-GS) following Tavo treatment associated with enhanced antigen presentation, T-cell infiltration and expansion, and PD-1/PD-L1 expression. Assessment of pretreatment and posttreatment tissue from patients confirms enrichment of this CXCR3-GS in tumors from patients that exhibited an enhancement of CD8+ T-cell infiltration following treatment. One patient, previously unresponsive to anti–PD-L1 therapy, but who exhibited an increased CXCR3-GS after Tavo treatment, went on to receive additional anti–PD-1 therapy as their immediate next treatment after OMS-I140, and demonstrated a significant clinical response. These data show a safe, effective intratumoral therapy that can enhance antigen presentation and recruit CD8 T cells, which are required for the antitumor efficacy. We identify a Tavo treatment-related gene signature associated with improved outcomes and conversion of nonresponsive tumors, potentially even beyond TNBC.

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