American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr170867-sup-181035_4_supp_4243362_6v6wpn.png (470.72 kB)

Figure S6 from Enhanced Cancer Immunotherapy by Chimeric Antigen Receptor–Modified T Cells Engineered to Secrete Checkpoint Inhibitors

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posted on 2023-03-31, 19:26 authored by Si Li, Natnaree Siriwon, Xiaoyang Zhang, Shuai Yang, Tao Jin, Feng He, Yu Jeong Kim, John Mac, Zhengfei Lu, Sijie Wang, Xiaolu Han, Pin Wang

Both CAR19 and CAR19.αPD1 T cells were cocultured with H292-CD19 cells for 24 hours. (A) The expression of PD-1, LAG-3 and TIM-3 was measured by flow cytometry. The percentage of PD-1-, LAG-3- or TIM-3-expressing CD4 T cells over total CD4+ T cells was shown in bar graphs (n=3, mean {plus minus} SEM; ns, not significant, P > 0.05; **P < 0.01). (B) The expression of PD-1 and LAG-3 in both CAR19 and CAR19.αPD1 T cells during the course of T cell expansion (post T cell activation and transduction).



Joint Center for Translational Medicine



Purpose: Despite favorable responses of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T-cell therapy in patients with hematologic malignancies, the outcome has been far from satisfactory in the treatment of solid tumors, partially owing to the development of an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. To overcome this limitation, we engineered CAR T cells secreting checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) targeting PD-1 (CAR.αPD1-T) and evaluated their efficacy in a human lung carcinoma xenograft mouse model.Experimental Design: To evaluate the effector function and expansion capacity of CAR.αPD1-T cells in vitro, we measured the production of IFNγ and T-cell proliferation following antigen-specific stimulation. Furthermore, the antitumor efficacy of CAR.αPD1-T cells, CAR T cells, and CAR T cells combined with anti–PD-1 antibody was determined using a xenograft mouse model. Finally, the underlying mechanism was investigated by analyzing the expansion and functional capacity of TILs.Results: Human anti–PD-1 CPIs secreted by CAR.αPD1-T cells efficiently bound to PD-1 and reversed the inhibitory effect of PD-1/PD-L1 interaction on T-cell function. PD-1 blockade by continuously secreted anti–PD-1 attenuated the inhibitory T-cell signaling and enhanced T-cell expansion and effector function both in vitro and in vivo. In the xenograft mouse model, we demonstrated that the secretion of anti–PD-1 enhanced the antitumor activity of CAR T cells and prolonged overall survival.Conclusions: With constitutive anti–PD-1 secretion, CAR.αPD1-T cells are more functional and expandable, and more efficient at tumor eradication than parental CAR T cells. Collectively, our study presents an important and novel strategy that enables CAR T cells to achieve better antitumor immunity, especially in the treatment of solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res; 23(22); 6982–92. ©2017 AACR.

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