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Figure S3 from 89Zr-ImmunoPET for the Specific Detection of EMP2-Positive Tumors

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posted on 2024-06-04, 07:41 authored by Ann M. Chan, Tove Olafsen, Jessica Tsui, Felix B. Salazar, Brian Aguirre, Kirstin A. Zettlitz, Michael Condro, Anna M. Wu, Jonathan Braun, Lynn K. Gordon, Negin Ashki, Julian Whitelegge, Shili Xu, Oluwatayo Ikotun, Jason Thanh Lee, Madhuri Wadehra

S3. EMP2 expression in cancer cell lines. A. Based on public repositories, upregulation of EMP2 occurs in breast, brain, and ovarian cancers, while downregulation is predicted in hematopoietic cancers. B, C. Flow cytometry studies using a panel of human (B) and murine (C) cancer cell lines to validate differential EMP2 expression.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Epithelial membrane protein-2 (EMP2) is upregulated in a number of tumors and therefore remains a promising target for mAb-based therapy. In the current study, image-guided therapy for an anti-EMP2 mAb was evaluated by PET in both syngeneic and immunodeficient cancer models expressing different levels of EMP2 to enable a better understanding of its tumor uptake and off target accumulation and clearance. The therapeutic efficacy of the anti-EMP2 mAb was initially evaluated in high- and low-expressing tumors, and the mAb reduced tumor load for the high EMP2-expressing 4T1 and HEC-1-A tumors. To create an imaging agent, the anti-EMP2 mAb was conjugated to p-SCN-Bn-deferoxamine (DFO) and radiolabeled with 89Zr. Tumor targeting and tissue biodistribution were evaluated in syngeneic tumor models (4T1, CT26, and Panc02) and human tumor xenograft models (Ramos, HEC-1-A, and U87MG/EMP2). PET imaging revealed radioactive accumulation in EMP2-positive tumors within 24 hours after injection, and the signal was retained for 5 days. High specific uptake was observed in tumors with high EMP2 expression (4T1, CT26, HEC-1-A, and U87MG/EMP2), with less accumulation in tumors with low EMP2 expression (Panc02 and Ramos). Biodistribution at 5 days after injection revealed that the tumor uptake ranged from 2 to approximately 16%ID/cc. The results show that anti-EMP2 mAbs exhibit EMP2-dependent tumor uptake with low off-target accumulation in preclinical cancer models. The development of improved anti-EMP2 Ab fragments may be useful to track EMP2-positive tumors for subsequent therapeutic interventions.

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