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Figure S3 from Raludotatug Deruxtecan, a CDH6-Targeting Antibody–Drug Conjugate with a DNA Topoisomerase I Inhibitor DXd, Is Efficacious in Human Ovarian and Kidney Cancer Models

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posted on 2024-03-04, 21:06 authored by Hirokazu Suzuki, Shotaro Nagase, Chiemi Saito, Atsuko Takatsuka, Motoko Nagata, Kokichi Honda, Yuki Kaneda, Yumi Nishiya, Tomoyo Honda, Tomomichi Ishizaka, Kensuke Nakamura, Takashi Nakada, Yuki Abe, Toshinori Agatsuma

CDH6 expression in cell lines and cytotoxic activity in vitro.

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Daiichi-Sankyo (Daiichi Sankyo Co., Ltd.)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Cadherin-6 (CDH6) is expressed in several cancer types, but no CDH6-targeted therapy is currently clinically available. Here, we generated raludotatug deruxtecan (R-DXd; DS-6000), a novel CDH6-targeting antibody–drug conjugate with a potent DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor, and evaluated its properties, pharmacologic activities, and safety profile. In vitro pharmacologic activities and the mechanisms of action of R-DXd were assessed in serous-type ovarian cancer and renal cell carcinoma cell lines. In vivo pharmacologic activities were evaluated with several human cancer cell lines and patient-derived xenograft mouse models. The safety profile in cynomolgus monkeys was also assessed. R-DXd exhibited CDH6 expression-dependent cell growth-inhibitory activity and induced tumor regression in xenograft models. In this process, R-DXd specifically bound to CDH6, was internalized into cancer cells, and then translocated to the lysosome. The DXd released from R-DXd induced the phosphorylation of Chk1, a DNA damage marker, and cleaved caspase-3, an apoptosis marker, in cancer cells. It was also confirmed that the DXd payload had a bystander effect, passing through the cell membrane and impacting surrounding cells. The safety profile of R-DXd was favorable and the highest non-severely toxic dose was 30 mg/kg in cynomolgus monkeys. R-DXd demonstrated potent antitumor activity against CDH6-expressing tumors in mice and an acceptable safety profile in monkeys. These findings indicate the potential of R-DXd as a new treatment option for patients with CDH6-expressing serous-type ovarian cancer and renal cell carcinoma in a clinical setting.

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    Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

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