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Figure S3 from CD71+ Population Enriched by HPV-E6 Protein Promotes Cancer Aggressiveness and Radioresistance in Cervical Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-04-03, 17:11 authored by Thomas Ho-Yin Leung, Hermit Wai-Man Tang, Michelle Kwan-Yee Siu, David Wai Chan, Karen Kar-Loen Chan, Annie Nga-Yin Cheung, Hextan Yuen-Sheung Ngan

The mutations in R28 were validated by sequencing analysis.

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Seed Funding Programme for Basic Research

University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong Research Grants Council General Research Fund

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

A subpopulation of cells within tumors has been suggested to possess the ability to initiate tumorigenesis and contribute to resistance to cancer therapy. Identification and isolation of this subpopulation in cancer cells can be achieved by detecting specific cell-surface markers. In this study, flow cytometry analysis revealed an abundant CD71+ subpopulation in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer cells, while limited CD71+ cells were detected in HPV-negative cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, ectopic expression of the HPV-E6 protein in HPV-negative C33A cells enriched the CD71+subpopulation. The CD71+ subpopulation isolated from the C33A cell line and an HPV-E6–overexpressing clone exhibited enhanced transforming ability, proliferation, and resistance to irradiation. In contrast, suppression of CD71 in HPV-positive SiHa cells and the HPV-E6–overexpressing stable clone inhibited spheroid formation and in vitro and in vivo tumorigenicity and sensitized cells to irradiation treatment. CRISPR/Cas9 knockout of CD71 in SiHa cells also produced similar inhibitory effects on tumorigenicity. Double knockout of CD71 and CD55 reversed the oncogenic properties of the HPV-E6–overexpressing clone. These findings suggest that the HPV-E6 protein enriches the subpopulation of CD71+cells in cervical cancer, which exhibit cancer stem–like cell properties and are resistant to irradiation treatment. Targeting the CD71+ subpopulation in cervical cancer cells with siRNAs or CRISPR/Cas9 may provide new insights for the development of novel therapeutic approaches for treating cervical cancer. We describe the enrichment of CD71+ population by HPV-E6 protein in cervical cancer cells that promotes cancer aggressiveness and resistance to irradiation treatment.

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