Figure S1. Kaplan-Meier survival curves for patients with high and low levels of α-SMA, Collagen III (Col III), and Collagen IV (Col IV), and differing histological grades in their primary tumors.
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by high levels of fibrosis, termed desmoplasia, which is thought to hamper the efficacy of therapeutics treating PDAC. Our primary focus was to evaluate differences in the extent of desmoplasia in primary tumors and metastatic lesions. As metastatic burden is a primary cause for mortality in PDAC, the extent of desmoplasia in metastases may help to determine whether desmoplasia targeting therapeutics will benefit patients with late-stage, metastatic disease.Experimental Design: We sought to assess desmoplasia in metastatic lesions of PDAC and compare it with that of primary tumors. Fifty-three patients' primaries and 57 patients' metastases were stained using IHC staining techniques.Results: We observed a significant negative correlation between patient survival and extracellular matrix deposition in primary tumors. Kaplan–Meier curves for collagen I showed median survival of 14.6 months in low collagen patients, and 6.4 months in high-level patients (log rank, P < 0.05). Low-level hyaluronan patients displayed median survival times of 24.3 months as compared with 9.3 months in high-level patients (log rank, P < 0.05). Our analysis also indicated that extracellular matrix components, such as collagen and hyaluronan, are found in high levels in both primary tumors and metastatic lesions. The difference in the level of desmoplasia between primary tumors and metastatic lesions was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Our results suggest that both primary tumors and metastases of PDAC have highly fibrotic stroma. Thus, stromal targeting agents have the potential to benefit PDAC patients, even those with metastatic disease. Clin Cancer Res; 21(15); 3561–8. ©2015 AACR.See related commentary by Olive, p. 3366