American Association for Cancer Research
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Figure A3 from Expression of Five Neuroblastoma Genes in Bone Marrow or Blood of Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma Provides a New Biomarker for Disease and Prognosis

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posted on 2023-03-31, 20:23 authored by Araz Marachelian, Judith G. Villablanca, Cathy W. Liu, Betty Liu, Fariba Goodarzian, Hollie A. Lai, Hiroyuki Shimada, Hung C. Tran, Jaime A. Parra, Richard Gallego, Nora Bedrossian, Sabrina Young, Scarlett Czarnecki, Rebekah Kennedy, Brian D. Weiss, Kelly Goldsmith, Meaghan Granger, Katherine K. Matthay, Susan Groshen, Shahab Asgharzadeh, Richard Sposto, Robert C. Seeger

Comparison of 1 year EFS in two groups defined by a range of ∆CT cut points (left column) and corresponding ROC analysis of the ability of ∆CT values above the cutpoint to predict 1 year EFS (right column), for assays based on different combinations of genes. NB5 assay (A, B), Phox2B/TH/DDC (C, D), Phox2B/TH (E, F), Phox2B/TH/Dcx (G, H), Th/Dcx (I, J). These analyses show that the NB5 assay is at least as or more predictive then the other gene combinations.


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Purpose: We determined whether quantifying neuroblastoma-associated mRNAs (NB-mRNAs) in bone marrow and blood improves assessment of disease and prediction of disease progression in patients with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma.Experimental Design: mRNA for CHGA, DCX, DDC, PHOX2B, and TH was quantified in bone marrow and blood from 101 patients concurrently with clinical disease evaluations. Correlation between NB-mRNA (delta cycle threshold, ΔCt, for the geometric mean of genes from the TaqMan Low Density Array NB5 assay) and morphologically defined tumor cell percentage in bone marrow, 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) Curie score, and CT/MRI-defined tumor longest diameter was determined. Time-dependent covariate Cox regression was used to analyze the relationship between ΔCt and progression-free survival (PFS).Results: NB-mRNA was detectable in 83% of bone marrow (185/223) and 63% (89/142) of blood specimens, and their ΔCt values were correlated (Spearman r = 0.67, P < 0.0001), although bone marrow Ct was 7.9 ± 0.5 Ct stronger than blood Ct. When bone marrow morphology, MIBG, or CT/MRI were positive, NB-mRNA was detected in 99% (99/100), 88% (100/113), and 81% (82/101) of bone marrow samples. When all three were negative, NB-mRNA was detected in 55% (11/20) of bone marrow samples. Bone marrow NB-mRNA correlated with bone marrow morphology or MIBG positivity (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.007). Bone marrow and blood ΔCt values correlated with PFS (P < 0.001; P = 0.001) even when bone marrow was morphologically negative (P = 0.001; P = 0.014). Multivariate analysis showed that bone marrow and blood ΔCt values were associated with PFS independently of clinical disease and MYCN gene status (P < 0.001; P = 0.055).Conclusions: This five-gene NB5 assay for NB-mRNA improves definition of disease status and correlates independently with PFS in relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma. Clin Cancer Res; 23(18); 5374–83. ©2017 AACR.

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