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Figure 3 from STX-478, a Mutant-Selective, Allosteric PI3Kα Inhibitor Spares Metabolic Dysfunction and Improves Therapeutic Response in PI3Kα-Mutant Xenografts

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posted on 2023-11-01, 08:01 authored by Leonard Buckbinder, David J. St. Jean, Trang Tieu, Brendon Ladd, Brendan Hilbert, Weixue Wang, Jacob T. Alltucker, Samantha Manimala, Gregory V. Kryukov, Natasja Brooijmans, Gregory Dowdell, Philip Jonsson, Michael Huff, Angel Guzman-Perez, Erica L. Jackson, Marcus D. Goncalves, Darrin D. Stuart

The effect of STX-478 and alpelisib on glucose homeostasis. A, Tumor-naive female BALB/c nude mice were dosed for 5 days as indicated (n = 5/group) and subjected to an ITT. On day 5, animals were fasted for 6 hours and dosed with drug by oral administration (p.o.) as indicated 1 hour prior to the end of the fast (−1 hour). At T = 0, animals were dosed with 0.75 U/kg by intraperitoneal (i.p.) insulin administration. Blood glucose levels were monitored over time, with group mean and standard error mean (SEM) indicated. B, AUCs were calculated from A; the AUC of each treatment group was compared with the vehicle group using ordinary one-way ANOVA and Dunnett multiple comparisons tests. C, An OGTT was performed similarly to the ITT (A), except at T = 0, when mice were dosed with 2 g/kg glucose and blood glucose was monitored over time, with group mean and SEM indicated. D, AUCs were calculated from C and analyzed by one-way ANOVA as described in B.

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Scorpion Therapeutics

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase α (PIK3CA) is one of the most mutated genes across cancers, especially breast, gynecologic, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tumors. Mutations occur throughout the gene, but hotspot mutations in the helical and kinase domains predominate. The therapeutic benefit of isoform-selective PI3Kα inhibition was established with alpelisib, which displays equipotent activity against the wild-type and mutant enzyme. Inhibition of wild-type PI3Kα is associated with severe hyperglycemia and rash, which limits alpelisib use and suggests that selectively targeting mutant PI3Kα could reduce toxicity and improve efficacy. Here we describe STX-478, an allosteric PI3Kα inhibitor that selectively targets prevalent PI3Kα helical- and kinase-domain mutant tumors. STX-478 demonstrated robust efficacy in human tumor xenografts without causing the metabolic dysfunction observed with alpelisib. Combining STX-478 with fulvestrant and/or cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors was well tolerated and provided robust and durable tumor regression in ER+HER2− xenograft tumor models. These preclinical data demonstrate that the mutant-selective, allosteric PI3Kα inhibitor STX-478 provides robust efficacy while avoiding the metabolic dysfunction associated with the nonselective inhibitor alpelisib. Our results support the ongoing clinical evaluation of STX-478 in PI3Kα-mutated cancers, which is expected to expand the therapeutic window and mitigate counterregulatory insulin release.See related commentary by Kearney and Vasan, p. 2313.This article is featured in Selected Articles from This Issue, p. 2293