American Association for Cancer Research
cd-22-1020_table_s3_suppst3.xlsx (46.9 kB)

Table S3 from A Transcriptome-Based Precision Oncology Platform for Patient–Therapy Alignment in a Diverse Set of Treatment-Resistant Malignancies

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posted on 2023-06-02, 08:20 authored by Prabhjot S. Mundi, Filemon S. Dela Cruz, Adina Grunn, Daniel Diolaiti, Audrey Mauguen, Allison R. Rainey, Kristina Guillan, Armaan Siddiquee, Daoqi You, Ronald Realubit, Charles Karan, Michael V. Ortiz, Eugene F. Douglass, Melissa Accordino, Suzanne Mistretta, Frances Brogan, Jeffrey N. Bruce, Cristina I. Caescu, Richard D. Carvajal, Katherine D. Crew, Guarionex Decastro, Mark Heaney, Brian S. Henick, Dawn L. Hershman, June Y. Hou, Fabio M. Iwamoto, Joseph G. Jurcic, Ravi P. Kiran, Michael D. Kluger, Teri Kreisl, Nicole Lamanna, Andrew B. Lassman, Emerson A. Lim, Gulam A. Manji, Guy M. McKhann, James M. McKiernan, Alfred I. Neugut, Kenneth P. Olive, Todd Rosenblat, Gary K. Schwartz, Catherine A. Shu, Michael B. Sisti, Ana Tergas, Reena M. Vattakalam, Mary Welch, Sven Wenske, Jason D. Wright, Peter Canoll, Hanina Hibshoosh, Kevin Kalinsky, Mahalaxmi Aburi, Peter A. Sims, Mariano J. Alvarez, Andrew L. Kung, Andrea Califano

Detailed summary of drugs prioritized for testing in PDX models, based on rank of OncoTarget and OncoTreat predictions by –log10(Bonferroni p).


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CureSearch for Children's Cancer (CureSearch)



Predicting in vivo response to antineoplastics remains an elusive challenge. We performed a first-of-kind evaluation of two transcriptome-based precision cancer medicine methodologies to predict tumor sensitivity to a comprehensive repertoire of clinically relevant oncology drugs, whose mechanism of action we experimentally assessed in cognate cell lines. We enrolled patients with histologically distinct, poor-prognosis malignancies who had progressed on multiple therapies, and developed low-passage, patient-derived xenograft models that were used to validate 35 patient-specific drug predictions. Both OncoTarget, which identifies high-affinity inhibitors of individual master regulator (MR) proteins, and OncoTreat, which identifies drugs that invert the transcriptional activity of hyperconnected MR modules, produced highly significant 30-day disease control rates (68% and 91%, respectively). Moreover, of 18 OncoTreat-predicted drugs, 15 induced the predicted MR-module activity inversion in vivo. Predicted drugs significantly outperformed antineoplastic drugs selected as unpredicted controls, suggesting these methods may substantively complement existing precision cancer medicine approaches, as also illustrated by a case study. Complementary precision cancer medicine paradigms are needed to broaden the clinical benefit realized through genetic profiling and immunotherapy. In this first-in-class application, we introduce two transcriptome-based tumor-agnostic systems biology tools to predict drug response in vivo. OncoTarget and OncoTreat are scalable for the design of basket and umbrella clinical trials.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1275

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