American Association for Cancer Research
21598290cd190138-sup-supplementarytable2.xlsx (264.1 kB)

Table S2 from Epigenomics and Single-Cell Sequencing Define a Developmental Hierarchy in Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

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posted on 2023-04-03, 22:45 authored by Florian Halbritter, Matthias Farlik, Raphaela Schwentner, Gunhild Jug, Nikolaus Fortelny, Thomas Schnöller, Hanja Pisa, Linda C. Schuster, Andrea Reinprecht, Thomas Czech, Johannes Gojo, Wolfgang Holter, Milen Minkov, Wolfgang M. Bauer, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Christoph Bock, Caroline Hutter

Marker genes and genomic regions. Lists of differentially expressed genes between LCH cells and non-LCH immune cells, marker genes for each LCH cell subset, and differentially accessible genomic regions between LCH cell subsets.


DFG Research Fellowship

Innovation Fund of the Austrian Academy of Sciences

Austrian Science Fund

EMBO Long-Term Fellowship



Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare neoplasm predominantly affecting children. It occupies a hybrid position between cancers and inflammatory diseases, which makes it an attractive model for studying cancer development. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of LCH and its characteristic clinical heterogeneity, we investigated the transcriptomic and epigenomic diversity in primary LCH lesions. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we identified multiple recurrent types of LCH cells within these biopsies, including putative LCH progenitor cells and several subsets of differentiated LCH cells. We confirmed the presence of proliferative LCH cells in all analyzed biopsies using IHC, and we defined an epigenomic and gene-regulatory basis of the different LCH-cell subsets by chromatin-accessibility profiling. In summary, our single-cell analysis of LCH uncovered an unexpected degree of cellular, transcriptomic, and epigenomic heterogeneity among LCH cells, indicative of complex developmental hierarchies in LCH lesions. This study sketches a molecular portrait of LCH lesions by combining single-cell transcriptomics with epigenome profiling. We uncovered extensive cellular heterogeneity, explained in part by an intrinsic developmental hierarchy of LCH cells. Our findings provide new insights and hypotheses for advancing LCH research and a starting point for personalizing therapy.See related commentary by Gruber et al., p. 1343.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1325