HHS | NIH | National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Cancer Research Institute (CRI)
Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy (Parker Institute)
Ressler Family Foundation (The Ressler Family Foundation)
ARTICLE ABSTRACTNeoadjuvant combination immune checkpoint blockade and intralesional oncolytic virotherapy have the potential to activate antitumor responses in patients with breast cancer.
Eligibility for this pilot phase I trial included patients with localized HER2-negative breast cancer who received systemic nivolumab and ipilimumab and intratumor talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC; NCT04185311). The primary objective was to evaluate the safety and adverse event profile of immunotherapy combined with T-VEC in patients with localized, HER2-negative breast cancer.
Six patients were enrolled, 4 having relapses after prior neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 2 who were previously untreated. Toxicities included 1 patient having grade 3 hypotension and type 1 diabetes mellitus, 3 patients with hypothyroidism, and all patients having constitutional symptoms known to be associated with the administration of T-VEC. One patient had a pathologic complete response, 3 patients had pathologic partial responses, 1 showed no significant response, and 1 had disease progression. Biopsies demonstrated increased immune cell infiltration in samples from patients who responded to therapy.
This triple immunotherapy regimen provided responses in patients with advanced or relapsed HER2-negative breast cancer, at the expense of long-term toxicities.
Systemic immune checkpoint blockade with a programmed death receptor 1 and a CTL antigen-4 blocking antibody, combined with intralesional oncolytic virotherapy, is a chemotherapy-free combination aimed at inducing an antitumor immune response locally and systemic immunity.