dataset posted on 2023-03-31, 03:44 authored by Xi Qiao, Ying Liu, Maria Llamazares Prada, Aravind K. Mohan, Abhishekh Gupta, Alok Jaiswal, Mukund Sharma, Joni Merisaari, Heidi M. Haikala, Kati Talvinen, Laxman Yetukuri, Joanna W. Pylvänäinen, Juha Klefström, Pauliina Kronqvist, Annika Meinander, Tero Aittokallio, Ville Hietakangas, Martin Eilers, Jukka Westermarck
Genes co-regulated by MYC and UBR5A1
Academy of Finland
Foundation Martin Escudero
Finnish Cultural Foundation South-Western Regional Fund
Instrumentarium Science Foundation
Maud Kuistila Memorial Foundation
Ella and Georg Enhrooth Foundation
K. Albin Johanssons Foundation
South-Western Finland Cancer Society
ARTICLE ABSTRACTFor maximal oncogenic activity, cellular MYC protein levels need to be tightly controlled so that they do not induce apoptosis. Here, we show how ubiquitin ligase UBR5 functions as a molecular rheostat to prevent excess accumulation of MYC protein. UBR5 ubiquitinates MYC and its effects on MYC protein stability are independent of FBXW7. Silencing of endogenous UBR5 induced MYC protein expression and regulated MYC target genes. Consistent with the tumor suppressor function of UBR5 (HYD) in Drosophila, HYD suppressed dMYC-dependent overgrowth of wing imaginal discs. In contrast, in cancer cells, UBR5 suppressed MYC-dependent priming to therapy-induced apoptosis. Of direct cancer relevance, MYC and UBR5 genes were coamplified in MYC-driven human cancers. Functionally, UBR5 suppressed MYC-mediated apoptosis in p53-mutant breast cancer cells with UBR5/MYC coamplification. Furthermore, single-cell immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated reciprocal expression of UBR5 and MYC in human basal-type breast cancer tissues. In summary, UBR5 is a novel MYC ubiquitin ligase and an endogenous rheostat for MYC activity. In MYC-amplified, and p53-mutant breast cancer cells, UBR5 has an important role in suppressing MYC-mediated apoptosis priming and in protection from drug-induced apoptosis.
These findings identify UBR5 as a novel MYC regulator, the inactivation of which could be very important for understanding of MYC dysregulation on cancer cells.