American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr123139-sup-supplementary_table_5_xlsx_file_337k.xlsx (337.73 kB)

Supplementary table 5 from Altered DNA Methylation Landscapes of Polycomb-Repressed Loci Are Associated with Prostate Cancer Progression and ERG Oncogene Expression in Prostate Cancer

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posted on 2023-03-31, 17:45 authored by Ken Kron, Dominique Trudel, Vaijayanti Pethe, Laurent Briollais, Neil Fleshner, Theodorus van der Kwast, Bharati Bapat

Supplementary table 5 XLSX file 337K, Functional annotation of significant DMRs from ERG stratified, GS assocaited analysis using DAVID



Purpose: To assess differentially methylated “landscapes” according to prostate cancer Gleason score (GS) and ERG oncogene expression status, and to determine the extent of polycomb group (PcG) target gene involvement, we sought to assess the genome-wide DNA methylation profile of prostate cancer according to Gleason score and ERG expression.Experimental Design: Genomic DNA from 39 prostate cancer specimens was hybridized to CpG island microarrays through differential methylation hybridization. We compared methylation profiles between Gleason score and ERG expression status as well as Gleason score stratified by ERG expression status. In addition, we compared results from our dataset to publicly available datasets of histone modifications in benign prostate cells.Results: We discovered hundreds of distinct differentially methylated regions (DMR) associated with increasing Gleason score and ERG. Furthermore, the number of DMRs associated with Gleason score was greatly expanded by stratifying samples into ERG-positive versus ERG-negative, with ERG-positive/GS–associated DMRs being primarily hypermethylated as opposed to hypomethylated. Finally, we found that there was a significant overlap between either Gleason score–related or ERG-hypermethylated DMRs and distinct regions in benign epithelial cells that have PcG signatures (H3K27me3, SUZ12) and lack active gene expression signatures (H3K4me3, RNA pol II).Conclusions: This work defines methylation landscapes of prostate cancer according to Gleason score, and suggests that initiating genetic events may influence the prostate cancer epigenome, which is further perturbed as prostate cancer progresses. Moreover, CpG islands with silent chromatin signatures in benign cells are particularly susceptible to prostate cancer–related hypermethylation. Clin Cancer Res; 19(13); 3450–61. ©2013 AACR.

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