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15417786mcr200051-sup-235642_3_supp_6310811_q1p6y2.xlsx (2.85 MB)

Supplementary Tables 1-6 from Single-Cell Transcriptomics Analysis Identifies Nuclear Protein 1 as a Regulator of Docetaxel Resistance in Prostate Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-04-03, 17:43 authored by Patricia M. Schnepp, Greg Shelley, Jinlu Dai, Nicole Wakim, Hui Jiang, Atsushi Mizokami, Evan T. Keller

Supplementary Table 1: Differential Gene Expression Analysis in Individual Cell Lines Supplementary Table 2: Genes and ranking based on their single cell expression with probability (Q value) for DU145 resistant versus sensitive cells. Supplementary Table 3: PANTHER Results for Cellular Location for Individual Cell Lines Supplementary Table 4: PANTHER Results for Molecular Function for Individual Cell Lines Supplementary Table 5: IPA Gene Pathway Results Supplementary Table 6: IPA Regulator Results

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Rogel Cancer Center Single Cell Analysis Shared Resource

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The majority of patients with prostate cancer treated with docetaxel develop resistance to it. To better understand the mechanism behind the acquisition of resistance, we conducted single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of docetaxel-sensitive and -resistant variants of DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cell lines. Overall, sensitive and resistant cells clustered separately. Differential gene expression analysis between resistant and sensitive cells revealed 182 differentially expressed genes common to both prostate cancer cell lines. A subset of these genes gave a gene expression profile in the resistant transcriptome-like–sensitive cells similar to the resistant cells. Exploration for functional gene pathways identified 218 common pathways between the two cell lines. Protein ubiquitination was the most differentially regulated pathway and was enriched in the resistant cells. Transcriptional regulator analysis identified 321 potential regulators across both cell lines. One of the top regulators identified was nuclear protein 1 (NUPR1). In contrast to the single-cell analysis, bulk analysis of the cells did not reveal NUPR1 as a promising candidate. Knockdown and overexpression of NUPR1 in the prostate cancer cells demonstrated that NUPR1 confers docetaxel resistance in both cell lines. Collectively, these data demonstrate the utility of scRNA-seq to identify regulators of drug resistance. Furthermore, NUPR1 was identified as a mediator of prostate cancer drug resistance, which provides the rationale to explore NUPR1 and its target genes for reversal of docetaxel resistance. Using single-cell sequencing of prostate cancer, we show that NUPR1 plays a role in docetaxel resistance.

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