American Association for Cancer Research

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Supplementary Table from Epigenetic Activation of Plasmacytoid DCs Drives IFNAR-Dependent Therapeutic Differentiation of AML

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posted on 2023-04-04, 00:02 authored by Jessica M. Salmon, Izabela Todorovski, Kym L. Stanley, Claudia Bruedigam, Conor J. Kearney, Luciano G. Martelotto, Fernando Rossello, Timothy Semple, Gisela Mir Arnau, Magnus Zethoven, Michael Bots, Stefan Bjelosevic, Leonie A. Cluse, Peter J. Fraser, Veronique Litalien, Eva Vidacs, Kate McArthur, Antony Y. Matthews, Elise Gressier, Nicole A. de Weerd, Jens Lichte, Madison J. Kelly, Simon J. Hogg, Paul J. Hertzog, Lev M. Kats, Stephin J. Vervoort, Daniel D. De Carvalho, Stefanie Scheu, Sammy Bedoui, Benjamin T. Kile, Steven W. Lane, Andrew C. Perkins, Andrew H. Wei, Pilar M. Dominguez, Ricky W. Johnstone
Supplementary Table from Epigenetic Activation of Plasmacytoid DCs Drives IFNAR-Dependent Therapeutic Differentiation of AML


Cure Cancer Australia

Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

NHMRC EL1 Fellowship

Victorian Cancer Agency Fellowship

German Research Foundation

Canadian Institute of Health Research

Canada Research Chairs


NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship

Cancer Council Victoria



Pharmacologic inhibition of epigenetic enzymes can have therapeutic benefit against hematologic malignancies. In addition to affecting tumor cell growth and proliferation, these epigenetic agents may induce antitumor immunity. Here, we discovered a novel immunoregulatory mechanism through inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDAC). In models of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), leukemia cell differentiation and therapeutic benefit mediated by the HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) panobinostat required activation of the type I interferon (IFN) pathway. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) produced type I IFN after panobinostat treatment, through transcriptional activation of IFN genes concomitant with increased H3K27 acetylation at these loci. Depletion of pDCs abrogated panobinostat-mediated induction of type I IFN signaling in leukemia cells and impaired therapeutic efficacy, whereas combined treatment with panobinostat and IFNα improved outcomes in preclinical models. These discoveries offer a new therapeutic approach for AML and demonstrate that epigenetic rewiring of pDCs enhances antitumor immunity, opening the possibility of exploiting this approach for immunotherapies. We demonstrate that HDACis induce terminal differentiation of AML through epigenetic remodeling of pDCs, resulting in production of type I IFN that is important for the therapeutic effects of HDACis. The study demonstrates the important functional interplay between the immune system and leukemias in response to HDAC inhibition.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1397

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