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Supplementary Table from Aberrant Activation of Cell-Cycle–Related Kinases and the Potential Therapeutic Impact of PLK1 or CHEK1 Inhibition in Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

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posted on 2023-03-31, 23:46 authored by Kosuke Yoshida, Akira Yokoi, Tomofumi Yamamoto, Yusuke Hayashi, Jun Nakayama, Tsuyoshi Yokoi, Hiroshi Yoshida, Tomoyasu Kato, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Yusuke Yamamoto
Supplementary Table from Aberrant Activation of Cell-Cycle–Related Kinases and the Potential Therapeutic Impact of PLK1 or CHEK1 Inhibition in Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

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JSPS KAKENHI

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Uterine leiomyosarcoma is among the most aggressive gynecological malignancies. No effective treatment strategies have been established. This study aimed to identify novel therapeutic targets for uterine leiomyosarcoma based on transcriptome analysis and assess the preclinical efficacy of novel drug candidates. Transcriptome analysis was performed using fresh-frozen samples of six uterine leiomyosarcomas and three myomas. The Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) was used to identify potential therapeutic target genes for uterine leiomyosarcoma. Afterward, our results were validated using three independent datasets, including 40 uterine leiomyosarcomas. Then, the inhibitory effects of several selective inhibitors for the candidate genes were examined using SK-UT-1, SK-LMS-1, and SKN cell lines. We identified 512 considerably dysregulated genes in uterine leiomyosarcoma compared with myoma. The IPA revealed that the function of several genes, including CHEK1 and PLK1, were predicted to be activated in uterine leiomyosarcoma. Through an in vitro drug screening, PLK1 or CHEK1 inhibitors (BI-2536 or prexasertib) were found to exert a superior anticancer effect against cell lines at low nanomolar concentrations and induce cell-cycle arrest. In SK-UT-1 tumor-bearing mice, BI-2536 monotherapy remarkably suppressed tumorigenicity. Moreover, the prexasertib and cisplatin combination therapy inhibited tumor proliferation and prolonged the time to tumor progression. We identified upregulated expressions of PLK1 and CHEK1; their kinase activity was activated in uterine leiomyosarcoma. BI-2536 and prexasertib demonstrated a significant anticancer effect. Therefore, cell-cycle–related kinases may present a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of uterine leiomyosarcoma.

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