National Natural Science Foundation of China
Top-Level Clinical Discipline Project of Shanghai Pudong
Shanghai Sailing Program
Youth Innovation Promotion Association
Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai
Key New Drug Creation and Manufacturing Program
ARTICLE ABSTRACTTargeting epigenetics in cancer has emerged as a promising anticancer strategy. p300/CBP is a central regulator of epigenetics and plays an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. Tumor-associated metabolic alterations contribute to the establishment and maintenance of the tumorigenic state. In this study, we used a novel p300 inhibitor, B029-2, to investigate the effect of targeting p300/CBP in HCC and tumor metabolism. p300/CBP–mediated acetylation of H3K18 and H3K27 increased in HCC tissues compared with surrounding noncancerous tissues. Conversely, treatment with B029-2 specifically decreased H3K18Ac and H3K27Ac and displayed significant antitumor effects in HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, ATAC-seq and RNA-seq integrated analysis revealed that B029-2 disturbed metabolic reprogramming in HCC cells. Moreover, B029-2 decreased glycolytic function and nucleotide synthesis in Huh7 cells by reducing H3K18Ac and H3K27Ac levels at the promoter regions of amino acid metabolism and nucleotide synthesis enzyme genes, including PSPH, PSAT1, ALDH18A1, TALDO1, ATIC, and DTYMK. Overexpression of PSPH and DTYMK partially reversed the inhibitory effect of B029-2 on HCC cells. These findings suggested that p300/CBP epigenetically regulates the expression of glycolysis-related metabolic enzymes through modulation of histone acetylation in HCC and highlights the value of targeting the histone acetyltransferase activity of p300/CBP for HCC therapy.
This study demonstrates p300/CBP as a critical epigenetic regulator of glycolysis-related metabolic enzymes in HCC and identifies the p300/CBP inhibitor B029-2 as a potential therapeutic strategy in this disease.