American Association for Cancer Research
10780432ccr180991-sup-199391_2_supp_5134542_phgzxb.xlsx (62.63 kB)

Supplementary Table S4 from High-Throughput Functional Evaluation of Variants of Unknown Significance in ERBB2

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posted on 2023-03-31, 21:41 authored by Masaaki Nagano, Shinji Kohsaka, Toshihide Ueno, Shinya Kojima, Kanju Saka, Hirotaro Iwase, Masahito Kawazu, Hiroyuki Mano

Raw data of Fig. 2A.


Leading Advanced Projects for Medical Innovation (LEAP)

Practical Research for Innovative Cancer Control

Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development



Purpose: The advent of next-generation sequencing technologies has enabled the identification of several activating mutations of Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (ERBB2) among various cancers. However, the significance of infrequent mutations has not been fully investigated. Herein, we comprehensively assessed the functional significance of the ERBB2 mutations in a high-throughput manner.Experimental Design: We evaluated the transforming activities and drug sensitivities of 55 nonsynonymous ERBB2 mutations using the mixed-all-nominated-in-one (MANO) method.Results: G776V, G778_S779insG, and L841V were newly revealed to be activating mutations. Although afatinib, neratinib, and osimertinib were shown to be effective against most of the ERBB2 mutations, only osimertinib demonstrated good efficacy against L755P and L755S mutations, the most common mutations in breast cancer. In contrast, afatinib and neratinib were predicted to be more effective than other inhibitors for the A775_776insYVMA mutation, the most frequent ERBB2 mutation in lung cancer. We surveyed the prevalence of concurrent ERBB2 mutation with gene amplification and found that approximately 30% of ERBB2-amplified urothelial carcinomas simultaneously carried ERBB2 mutations, altering their sensitivity to trastuzumab, an mAb against ERBB2. Furthermore, the MANO method was applied to evaluate the functional significance of 17 compound mutations within ERBB2 reported in the COSMIC database, revealing that compound mutations involving L755S were sensitive to osimertinib but insensitive to afatinib and neratinib.Conclusions: Several ERBB2 mutations showed varying sensitivities to ERBB2-targeted inhibitors. Our comprehensive assessment of ERBB2 mutations offers a fundamental database to help customize therapy for ERBB2-driven cancers.We identified several ERBB2 mutations as activating mutations related to tumorigenesis. In addition, our comprehensive evaluation revealed that several ERBB2 mutations showed varying sensitivities to ERBB2-targeted inhibitors, and thus, the functional significance of each variant should be interpreted precisely to design the best treatment for each patient. Clin Cancer Res; 24(20); 5112–22. ©2018 AACR.

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