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15417786mcr080214-sup-supplementary_table_s1.xls (55 kB)

Supplementary Table S1 from Luteinizing Hormone–Induced Up-Regulation of ErbB-2 Is Insufficient Stimulant of Growth and Invasion in Ovarian Cancer Cells

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posted on 2023-04-03, 17:47 authored by Susanne W. Warrenfeltz, Stephen A. Lott, Travis M. Palmer, Judy C. Gray, David Puett
Supplementary Table S1 from Luteinizing Hormone–Induced Up-Regulation of ErbB-2 Is Insufficient Stimulant of Growth and Invasion in Ovarian Cancer Cells

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

The effects of luteinizing hormone (LH), a gonadotropic hormone implicated in the development of ovarian cancer, are mediated by specific binding to its G protein–coupled receptor, the LH receptor (LHR). Activated LHR initiates second messenger responses, including cyclic AMP (cAMP) and inositol phosphate. Because cAMP increases expression of ErbB-2, a receptor tyrosine kinase whose overexpression in cancers correlates with poor survival, we hypothesized that LH may regulate ErbB-2 expression. Cell surface LHR expression in stable transformants of the ErbB-2–overexpressing ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3 was confirmed by PCR and whole-cell ligand binding studies. Second messenger accumulation in the LHR-expressing cells confirmed signaling through Gs and Gq. Western blots of total protein revealed that LHR introduction up-regulated ErbB-2 protein expression 2-fold and this was further up-regulated in a time- and dose-dependent manner in response to LH. Forskolin and 8Br-cAMP also up-regulated ErbB-2 in both LHR-expressing and mock-transfected cells, indicating that regulation of ErbB-2 is a cAMP-mediated event. Kinase inhibitor studies indicated the involvement of protein kinase A–mediated, protein kinase C–mediated, epidermal growth factor receptor–mediated, and ErbB-2–mediated mechanisms. The LH-induced up-regulation of ErbB-2 was insufficient to overcome the negative effects of LH on proliferation, invasion, and migration. A molecular signature for this nonaggressive phenotype was determined by Taqman array to include increased and decreased expression of genes encoding adhesion proteins and metalloproteinases, respectively. These data establish a role for LH and LHR in the regulation of ErbB-2 expression and suggest that, in some systems, ErbB-2 up-regulation alone is insufficient in producing a more aggressive phenotype. (Mol Cancer Res 2008;6(11):1775–85)

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