American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table S1 from Activation of MET via Diverse Exon 14 Splicing Alterations Occurs in Multiple Tumor Types and Confers Clinical Sensitivity to MET Inhibitors

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posted on 2023-04-03, 20:45 authored by Garrett M. Frampton, Siraj M. Ali, Mark Rosenzweig, Juliann Chmielecki, Xinyuan Lu, Todd M. Bauer, Mikhail Akimov, Jose A. Bufill, Carrie Lee, David Jentz, Rick Hoover, Sai-Hong Ignatius Ou, Ravi Salgia, Tim Brennan, Zachary R. Chalmers, Savina Jaeger, Alan Huang, Julia A. Elvin, Rachel Erlich, Alex Fichtenholtz, Kyle A. Gowen, Joel Greenbowe, Adrienne Johnson, Depinder Khaira, Caitlin McMahon, Eric M. Sanford, Steven Roels, Jared White, Joel Greshock, Robert Schlegel, Doron Lipson, Roman Yelensky, Deborah Morosini, Jeffrey S. Ross, Eric Collisson, Malte Peters, Philip J. Stephens, Vincent A. Miller

Previously characterized MET exon 14 alterations.

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Focal amplification and activating point mutation of the MET gene are well-characterized oncogenic drivers that confer susceptibility to targeted MET inhibitors. Recurrent somatic splice site alterations at MET exon 14 (METex14) that result in exon skipping and MET activation have been characterized, but their full diversity and prevalence across tumor types are unknown. Here, we report analysis of tumor genomic profiles from 38,028 patients to identify 221 cases with METex14 mutations (0.6%), including 126 distinct sequence variants. METex14 mutations are detected most frequently in lung adenocarcinoma (3%), but also frequently in other lung neoplasms (2.3%), brain glioma (0.4%), and tumors of unknown primary origin (0.4%). Further in vitro studies demonstrate sensitivity to MET inhibitors in cells harboring METex14 alterations. We also report three new patient cases with METex14 alterations in lung or histiocytic sarcoma tumors that showed durable response to two different MET-targeted therapies. The diversity of METex14 mutations indicates that diagnostic testing via comprehensive genomic profiling is necessary for detection in a clinical setting.Significance: Here we report the identification of diverse exon 14 splice site alterations in MET that result in constitutive activity of this receptor and oncogenic transformation in vitro. Patients whose tumors harbored these alterations derived meaningful clinical benefit from MET inhibitors. Collectively, these data support the role of METex14 alterations as drivers of tumorigenesis, and identify a unique subset of patients likely to derive benefit from MET inhibitors. Cancer Discov; 5(8); 850–9. ©2015 AACR.See related commentary by Ma, p. 802.See related article by Paik et al., p. 842.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 783