American Association for Cancer Research
ccr-22-2812_supplementary_table_3_supps3.xlsx (9.9 kB)

Supplementary Table 3 from Phase I Study of Androgen Deprivation Therapy in Combination with Anti–PD-1 in Melanoma Patients Pretreated with Anti–PD-1

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posted on 2023-04-01, 00:20 authored by Caroline Robert, Céleste Lebbé, Thierry Lesimple, Eija Lundström, Valérie Nicolas, Bruno Gavillet, Philippa Crompton, Barouyr Baroudjian, Emilie Routier, Ferdy J. Lejeune

Washout, response to protocol therapy, AEs


Debiopharm International SA Lausanne, Switzerland



Androgen deprivation regenerates the thymus in adults, expanding of T-cell receptor V β repertoire in blood and lymphoid organs and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in human prostate tumors. In melanoma murine models, androgen receptor promotes metastases and androgen blockade potentiates antitumor vaccine efficacy. This phase I study evaluated the safety, efficacy, and pharmocodynamics of androgen deprivation with the gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triptorelin combined with nivolumab in male patients with melanoma resistant to anti–PD-1. Adult male patients with advanced melanoma who progressed under anti–PD-1 containing regimens received triptorelin 3.75 mg every 4 weeks, nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks, and bicalutamide 50 mg once daily during the first 28 days. Tumor response was first assessed after 3 months; adverse events (AE) were monitored throughout the study. T-cell receptor excision circles (TREC), a biomarker of thymus activity, were explored throughout the study. Of 14 patients, 4 were locally advanced and 10 had distant metastases. There were no grade 4 or 5 AEs. Five grade three AEs were reported in 4 patients. According to RECIST v1.1, best overall response was partial response (PR) in one patient with a pancreas metastasis, stable disease (SD) in 5 patients, and progressive disease in 8 patients. According to iRECIST, a second PR occurred after an initial pseudoprogression, TRECs increased in 2 patients, one with PR who also had an increase in TILs, and the second with SD. This combination was well tolerated. Disease control was obtained in 42.8% (RECIST) and 50% (iRECIST). The evidence for thymus rejuvenation was limited.

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