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ccr-22-3394_supplementary_table_3_suppts3.xlsx (3.77 MB)

Supplementary Table 3 from Metastatic Prostate Cancers with BRCA2 versus ATM Mutations Exhibit Divergent Molecular Features and Clinical Outcomes

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posted on 2023-07-14, 08:21 authored by Justin Hwang, Xiaolei Shi, Andrew Elliott, Taylor E. Arnoff, Julie McGrath, Joanne Xiu, Phillip Walker, Hannah E. Bergom, Abderrahman Day, Shihab Ahmed, Sydney Tape, Allison Makovec, Atef Ali, Rami M. Shaker, Eamon Toye, Rachel Passow, John R. Lozada, Jinhua Wang, Emil Lou, Kent W. Mouw, Benedito A. Carneiro, Elisabeth I. Heath, Rana R. McKay, W. Michael Korn, Chadi Nabhan, Charles J. Ryan, Emmanuel S. Antonarakis

Comparisons of WTS profiles between ATMm and BRCA2m to the HRP group.

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University of Minnesota (UMN)

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ARTICLE ABSTRACT

In patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC), ATM and BRCA2 mutations dictate differences in PARPi inhibitor response and other therapies. We interrogated the molecular features of ATM- and BRCA2-mutated mPC to explain the divergent clinical outcomes and inform future treatment decisions. We examined a novel set of 1,187 mPCs after excluding microsatellite-instable (MSI) tumors. We stratified these based on ATM (n = 88) or BRCA2 (n = 98) mutations. As control groups, mPCs with mutations in 12 other homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes were considered non-BRCA2/ATM HRR-deficient (HRDother, n = 193), whereas lack of any HRR mutations were considered HRR-proficient (HRP; n = 808). Gene expression analyses were performed using Limma. Real-world overall survival was determined from insurance claims data. In noncastrate mPCs, only BRCA2-mutated mPCs exhibited worse clinical outcomes to AR-targeted therapies. In castrate mPCs, both ATM and BRCA2 mutations exhibited worse clinical outcomes to AR-targeted therapies. ATM-mutated mPCs had reduced TP53 mutations and harbored coamplification of 11q13 genes, including CCND1 and genes in the FGF family. BRCA2-mutated tumors showed elevated genomic loss-of-heterozygosity scores and were often tumor mutational burden high. BRCA2-mutated mPCs had upregulation of cell-cycle genes and were enriched in cell-cycle signaling programs. This was distinct from ATM-mutated tumors. Tumoral ATM and BRCA2 mutations are associated with differential clinical outcomes when patients are stratified by treatments, including hormonal or taxane therapies. ATM- and BRCA2-mutated tumors exhibited differences in co-occurring molecular features. These unique molecular features may inform therapeutic decisions and development of novel therapies.

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