American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table 3 from Cell-Free DNA Next-Generation Sequencing in Pancreatobiliary Carcinomas

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posted on 2023-04-03, 20:48 authored by Oliver A. Zill, Claire Greene, Dragan Sebisanovic, Lai Mun Siew, Jim Leng, Mary Vu, Andrew E. Hendifar, Zhen Wang, Chloe E. Atreya, Robin K. Kelley, Katherine Van Loon, Andrew H. Ko, Margaret A. Tempero, Trever G. Bivona, Pamela N. Munster, AmirAli Talasaz, Eric A. Collisson

Tumor marker levels and cfDNA mutant allele fractions across 19 time intervals for eight patients that were serially monitored via blood draws.



Patients with pancreatic and biliary carcinomas lack personalized treatment options, in part because biopsies are often inadequate for molecular characterization. Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) sequencing may enable a precision oncology approach in this setting. We attempted to prospectively analyze 54 genes in tumor and cfDNA for 26 patients. Tumor sequencing failed in 9 patients (35%). In the remaining 17, 90.3% (95% confidence interval, 73.1%–97.5%) of mutations detected in tumor biopsies were also detected in cfDNA. The diagnostic accuracy of cfDNA sequencing was 97.7%, with 92.3% average sensitivity and 100% specificity across five informative genes. Changes in cfDNA correlated well with tumor marker dynamics in serial sampling (r = 0.93). We demonstrate that cfDNA sequencing is feasible, accurate, and sensitive in identifying tumor-derived mutations without prior knowledge of tumor genotype or the abundance of circulating tumor DNA. cfDNA sequencing should be considered in pancreatobiliary cancer trials where tissue sampling is unsafe, infeasible, or otherwise unsuccessful.Significance: Precision medicine efforts in biliary and pancreatic cancers have been frustrated by difficulties in obtaining adequate tumor tissue for next-generation sequencing. cfDNA sequencing reliably and accurately detects tumor-derived mutations, paving the way for precision oncology approaches in these deadly diseases. Cancer Discov; 5(10); 1040–8. ©2015 AACR.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1005

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