American Association for Cancer Research
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Supplementary Table 3 from A Bioinformatics Tool for Identifying Intratumoral Microbes from the ORIEN Dataset

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posted on 2024-02-05, 14:20 authored by Cankun Wang, Anjun Ma, Yingjie Li, Megan E. McNutt, Shiqi Zhang, Jiangjiang Zhu, Rebecca Hoyd, Caroline E. Wheeler, Lary A. Robinson, Carlos H.F. Chan, Yousef Zakharia, Rebecca D. Dodd, Cornelia M. Ulrich, Sheetal Hardikar, Michelle L. Churchman, Ahmad A. Tarhini, Eric A. Singer, Alexandra P. Ikeguchi, Martin D. McCarter, Nicholas Denko, Gabriel Tinoco, Marium Husain, Ning Jin, Afaf E.G. Osman, Islam Eljilany, Aik Choon Tan, Samuel S. Coleman, Louis Denko, Gregory Riedlinger, Bryan P. Schneider, Daniel Spakowicz, Qin Ma

Shared and unique microbial species identified across different cancer types.

Funding

HHS | NIH | National Cancer Institute (NCI)

HHS | NIH | National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)

ORIEN

History

ARTICLE ABSTRACT

Evidence supports significant interactions among microbes, immune cells, and tumor cells in at least 10%–20% of human cancers, emphasizing the importance of further investigating these complex relationships. However, the implications and significance of tumor-related microbes remain largely unknown. Studies have demonstrated the critical roles of host microbes in cancer prevention and treatment responses. Understanding interactions between host microbes and cancer can drive cancer diagnosis and microbial therapeutics (bugs as drugs). Computational identification of cancer-specific microbes and their associations is still challenging due to the high dimensionality and high sparsity of intratumoral microbiome data, which requires large datasets containing sufficient event observations to identify relationships, and the interactions within microbial communities, the heterogeneity in microbial composition, and other confounding effects that can lead to spurious associations. To solve these issues, we present a bioinformatics tool, microbial graph attention (MEGA), to identify the microbes most strongly associated with 12 cancer types. We demonstrate its utility on a dataset from a consortium of nine cancer centers in the Oncology Research Information Exchange Network. This package has three unique features: species-sample relations are represented in a heterogeneous graph and learned by a graph attention network; it incorporates metabolic and phylogenetic information to reflect intricate relationships within microbial communities; and it provides multiple functionalities for association interpretations and visualizations. We analyzed 2,704 tumor RNA sequencing samples and MEGA interpreted the tissue-resident microbial signatures of each of 12 cancer types. MEGA can effectively identify cancer-associated microbial signatures and refine their interactions with tumors. Studying the tumor microbiome in high-throughput sequencing data is challenging because of the extremely sparse data matrices, heterogeneity, and high likelihood of contamination. We present a new deep learning tool, MEGA, to refine the organisms that interact with tumors.