American Association for Cancer Research
15417786mcr200791-sup-251215_2_supp_6936802_qdwr0q.xlsx (251.31 kB)

Supplementary Table 2 from CHK2 Inhibition Provides a Strategy to Suppress Hematologic Toxicity from PARP Inhibitors

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posted on 2023-04-03, 19:49 authored by Zhen Xu, Cassandra J. Vandenberg, Elizabeth Lieschke, Ladina Di Rago, Clare L. Scott, Ian J. Majewski

Count table and fold enrichment for screens performed with the CRISPR/Cas9 DNA repair gene library. Read counts and analysis of guide enrichment or depletion in cells treated with olaparib (40 nM or 2 µM) or an untreated control. We present guide counts in each condition, normalised counts and log fold changes.


National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia

Clinical Fellowship



Patients with cancer treated with PARP inhibitors (PARPi) experience various side effects, with hematologic toxicity being most common. Short-term treatment of mice with olaparib resulted in depletion of reticulocytes, B-cell progenitors, and immature thymocytes, whereas longer treatment induced broader myelosuppression. We performed a CRISPR/Cas9 screen that targeted DNA repair genes in Eμ-Myc pre-B lymphoma cell lines as a way to identify strategies to suppress hematologic toxicity from PARPi. The screen revealed that single-guide RNAs targeting the serine/threonine kinase checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2) were enriched following olaparib treatment. Genetic or pharmacologic inhibition of CHK2-blunted PARPi response in lymphoid and myeloid cell lines, and in primary murine pre-B/pro-B cells. Using a Cas9 base editor, we found that blocking CHK2-mediated phosphorylation of p53 also impaired olaparib response. Our results identify the p53 pathway as a major determinant of the acute response to PARPi in normal blood cells and demonstrate that targeting CHK2 can short circuit this response. Cotreatment with a CHK2 inhibitor did not antagonize olaparib response in ovarian cancer cell lines. Selective inhibition of CHK2 may spare blood cells from the toxic influence of PARPi and broaden the utility of these drugs. We reveal that genetic or pharmacologic inhibition of CHK2 may offer a way to alleviate the toxic influence of PARPi in the hematologic system.

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