Supplementary Table 1 from Differential Expression of Neuronal Genes Defines Subtypes of Disseminated Neuroblastoma with Favorable and Unfavorable Outcome
ARTICLE ABSTRACTPurpose: Identification of molecular characteristics of spontaneously regressing stage IVS and progressing stage IV neuroblastoma to improve discrimination of patients with metastatic disease following favorable and unfavorable clinical courses.Experimental Design: Serial analysis of gene expression profiles were generated from five stage IVS and three stage IV neuroblastoma. Differential expression of candidate genes was evaluated by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR in 76 pretreatment tumor samples (stage IVS n = 27 and stage IV n = 49). Gene expression-based outcome prediction was determined by Prediction Analysis for Microarrays using 38 tumors as a training set and 38 tumors as a test set.Results: Comparison of serial analysis of gene expression profiles from stage IV and IVS neuroblastoma revealed ∼500 differentially expressed transcripts. Genes related to neuronal differentiation were observed more frequently in stage IVS tumors as determined by associating transcripts to Gene Ontology annotations. Forty-one candidate genes were evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and 18 were confirmed to be differentially expressed (P ≤ 0.001). Classification of patients according to expression patterns of these 18 genes using Prediction Analysis for Microarrays discriminated two subgroups with significantly differing event-free survival (96 ± 6% versus 40 ± 8% at 3 years; P < 0.0001) and overall survival (100% versus 72 ± 7% at 3 years; P = 0.0003). This classifier was the only independent covariate marker in a multivariate analysis considering the variables stage, age, MYCN amplification, and gene signature.Conclusions: Spontaneously regressing and progressing metastatic neuroblastoma differ by specific gene expression patterns, indicating distinct levels of neuronal differentiation and allowing for an improved risk estimation of children with disseminated disease.