American Association for Cancer Research
ccr-23-3341_supplemental_table_5_suppst5.xlsx (315.79 kB)

Supplemental Table 5 from A Phase 0/I Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamics and Safety and Tolerability Study of Letrozole in Combination with Standard Therapy in Recurrent High-Grade Gliomas

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posted on 2024-05-15, 07:21 authored by Pankaj B. Desai, Aniruddha S. Karve, Misam Zawit, Priyanka Arora, Nimita Dave, Joy Awosika, Ningjing Li, Bethany Fuhrman, Mario Medvedovic, Larry Sallans, Ady Kendler, Biplab DasGupta, David Plas, Richard Curry, Mario Zuccarello, Rekha Chaudhary, Soma Sengupta, Trisha M. Wise-Draper

Supplemental Table 5: List of differentially expressed genes


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High-grade gliomas (HGG) carry a poor prognosis, with glioblastoma accounting for almost 50% of primary brain malignancies in the elderly. Unfortunately, despite the use of multiple treatment modalities, the prognosis remains poor in this population. Our preclinical studies suggest that the presence of aromatase expression, encoded by CYP19A1, is significantly upregulated in HGGs. Remarkably, we find that letrozole (LTZ), an FDA-approved aromatase inhibitor, has marked activity against HGGs. We conducted a phase 0/I single-center clinical trial (NCT03122197) to assess the tumoral availability, pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and tolerability of LTZ in recurrent patients with HGG. Planned dose cohorts included 2.5, 5, 10, 12.5, 15, 17.5, and 20 mg of LTZ administered daily pre- and postsurgery or biopsy. Tumor samples were assayed for LTZ content and relevant biomarkers. The recommended phase 2 dose (R2PD) was determined as the dose that resulted in predicted steady-state tumoral extracellular fluid (ECF; Css,ecf) >2 μmol/L and did not result in ≥33% dose-limiting adverse events (AE) assessed using CTCAE v5.0. Twenty-one patients were enrolled. Common LTZ-related AEs included fatigue, nausea, musculoskeletal, anxiety, and dysphoric mood. No DLTs were observed. The 15 mg dose achieved a Css,ecf of 3.6 ± 0.59 μmol/L. LTZ caused dose-dependent inhibition of estradiol synthesis and modulated DNA damage pathways in tumor tissues as evident using RNA-sequencing analysis. On the basis of safety, brain tumoral PK, and mechanistic data, 15 mg daily is identified as the RP2D for future trials.